Noteworthy Abbreviations

    American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation
  • ABI
    ankle/brachial systolic pressure index
  • ACE
    angiotensin-converting enzyme
  • ACE—Inhibitors
    Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are medicines that treat heart, blood vessel, and kidney problems.
    American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
  • ACOG
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
  • ACP
    American College of Physicians
  • ACS
    Acute coronary syndromes
  • ACSM
    American College of Sports Medicine
  • ADL
    activities of daily living
  • AHA
    American Heart Association
  • AICD
    automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • AIHA
    American Industrial Hygiene Association
  • AMA
    American Medical Association
  • AMS
    acute mountain sickness
  • AV
  • BIA
    bioelectrical impedance analysis
  • BLS
    basic life support
  • BMI
    body mass index
  • BP
    blood pressure
  • BR
    breathing reserve
  • BUN
    blood urea nitrogen
  • CABG(S)
    coronary artery bypass graft (surgery)
  • CAD
    coronary artery disease
  • CDC
    U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • CES
    ACSM Certified Clinical Exercise Specialist
  • CHF
    congestive heart failure
  • CHO
  • CI
    cardiac index
  • COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • CPAP
    continuous positive airway pressure
  • CPK
    creatine phosphokinase
  • CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • CRQ
    Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire
  • CVD
    atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
  • DBP
    diastolic blood pressure
  • DOMS
    delayed onset muscle soreness
  • ECG
    electrocardiogram (electrocardiographic)
  • EF
    ejection fraction
  • EIB
    exercise-induced bronchoconstriction
  • EIH
    exercise-induced hypotension
  • ERV
    expiratory reserve volume
  • ES
    ACSM Exercise Specialist
  • ETT
    ACSM Exercise Test Technologist®
  • FC
    functional capacity
  • FEV1.0
    forced expiratory volume in one second
  • FFM
    fat-free mass
  • FICO2
    fraction of inspired carbon dioxide
  • FIO2
    fraction of inspired oxygen
  • FN
    false negative
  • FP
    false positive
  • FRV
    functional residual volume
  • FVC
    forced vital capacity
  • GEL
    ACSM Group Exercise Leader®
  • GXT
    graded exercise test
  • HAPE
    high-altitude pulmonary edema
  • HDL
    high-density lipoprotein
  • HFD
    ACSM Health/Fitness Director®
  • HFI
    ACSM Health/Fitness Instructor®
  • HFS
    ACSM Certified Health Fitness Specialist
  • HR
    heart rate
  • HRmax
    maximal heart rate
  • HRR
    heart rate reserve
  • HRrest
    resting heart rate
  • IC
    inspiratory capacity
  • ICD
    implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • IDDM
    insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  • JCC
    Jewish Community Center
  • KSAs
    knowledge, skills, and abilities
  • LAD
    left axis deviation
  • LBBB
    left bundle-branch block
  • LDH
    lactate dehydrogenase
  • LDL
    low-density lipoprotein
  • L-G-L
  • LLN
    lower limit of normal
  • LV
    left ventricle (left ventricular)
  • MCHC
    mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
  • MET
    metabolic equivalent
  • MI
    myocardial infarction
  • MUGA
    multigated acquisition (scan)
  • MVC
    maximal voluntary contraction
  • MVV
    maximal voluntary ventilation
  • NCEP
    National Cholesterol Education Program
    non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  • NIH
    National Institutes of Health
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • PAC
    premature atrial contraction
  • PaO2
    partial pressure of arterial oxygen
  • PAR-Q
    Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire
  • PD
    ACSM Program DirectorSM
  • PEmax
    maximal expiratory pressure
  • PImax
    maximal inspiratory pressure
  • PNF
    proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation
  • PO2
    partial pressure of oxygen
  • PTCA
    percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  • PVC
    premature ventricular contraction
  • PVD
    peripheral vascular disease

  • cardiac output
  • RAD
    right axis deviation
  • RAL
    recommended alert limit
  • RBBB
    right bundle-branch block
  • RCEP
    ACSM Registered Clinical Exercise Physiologist®
  • rep
  • RER
    respiratory exchange ratio
  • RIMT
    resistive inspiratory muscle training
  • 1-RM
    one-repetition maximum
  • RPE
    rating of perceived exertion
  • RQ
    respiratory quotient
  • RV
    residual volume
  • RVG
    radionuclide ventriculography
  • RVH
    right ventricular hypertrophy
  • SaO2
    percent saturation of arterial oxygen
  • SBP
    systolic blood pressure
  • SEE
    standard error of estimate
    single-photon emission computed tomography
  • SVT
    supraventricular tachycardia
  • THR
    target heart rate
  • TLC
    total lung capacity
  • TN
    true negative
  • TP
    true positive
  • TPR
    total peripheral resistance
  • TV
    tidal volume
  • VC
    vital capacity
  • [V with dot above]CO2
    volume of carbon dioxide per minute
  • [V with dot above]E
    expired ventilation per minute
  • [V with dot above]Emax
    maximal expired ventilation
  • [V with dot above]I
    inspired ventilation per minute
  • VMT
    ventilatory muscle training
  • [V with dot above]O2
    volume of oxygen consumed per minute
  • [V with dot above]O2max
    maximal volume of oxygen consumed per minute (maximal oxygen uptake, maximal oxygen consumption)
  • [V with dot above]O2peak
    peak oxygen uptake
  • [V with dot above]O2R
    oxygen uptake reserve
  • %[V with dot above]O2R
    percentage of oxygen uptake reserve
  • VT
    ventilatory threshold
  • WBGT
    wet-bulb globe temperature
  • WHR
    waist-to-hip ratio
  • W-P-W
  • YMCA
    Young Men’s Christian Association
  • YWCA
    Young Women’s Christian Association